Joint pain in the wrist is a very common problem these days. There are various familiar causes relating to wrist pain which are similar to the many other conditions causing joint pain. Treatment relating to wrist pain greatly depends on the specific causes in each individual case.
The usual direct cause is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. In some chronic and severe cases there may be a need to consider wrist replacement surgery. This is an option when the pain relief efforts had lost its effectiveness and that the mobility of the wrist is hampered causing an inability to even hold a pen or cup.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a condition in which the median nerve, which runs across the wrist within a channel called the carpal tunnel, is compressed. This may be attributed to the intense repetitive usage of the hand, wrist and fingers for the task in using computer, personal digital assistant called PDA in short and cell phones. Gaming gadgets had also brought in victims of younger ages as early as seven years old.
Tendonitis refers to the pain in the wrist due to inflammation of the tendon. The tendon is the fibrous tissue structure in our body that connects the muscles to the bones. This condition causes wrist pain.
Sprains and fractures are direct injuries to the wrist which cause pain without doubt. Sprains are common injuries that affect the ligaments in the wrist. It does not require surgery. However, depending on the severity of the injury from fracture the treatment can range from simple to a wrist replacement surgery.
Arthritis is a result of the wear and tear of the cartilage in the joints. There are over hundred types of Arthritis and is one ailment so much misunderstood by people even patients themselves. It is also very much a result of aging and that this pain to the wrist normally impairs the flexibility of the hands to function effectively.
Osteoarthritis affects 1 in 5 women and 1 in 10 men for those aged over 60. However less than 10 per cent of the patients have their wrists affected. In particularly rheumatoid arthritis is common among the older people. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder that has its immune system to attack its own joints. There isn’t a complete comprehension of its cause until today.
In severe cases, the cartilages between the carpal bones are worn out as a result of the inflammation. This has the possibility of causing the bones to fuse into one block, resulting in stiff and immobility. Wrist replacement surgery may be an option to relieve pain and recover mobility up to 80 per cent.
Wrist replacement surgery procedure or called wrist arthroplasty can benefit patients whose wrists have been damaged due to accidents or osteoarthritis. The procedure involves fusing the bones around the wrist using metal plates and screws. For implant parts of the carpal and radial bones will be removed and replaced with parts made of special metals such as titanium or high quality plastic.
Patients undergone wrist replacement surgery require physiotherapy after the procedure. The implant procedure is expected to last from anytime from 10 years up to 15 years. Immediate concern as in any implant is the complication from infection of the wrist joint, nerve and tendon.